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Services and Treatments
Pediatric Speech-Language Therapy Services
Evaluation and treatment of:
- Articulation and phonological processes - Most children make some mistakes as they learn to say new words. A speech sound disorder occurs when mistakes continue past a certain age. Speech sound disorders include problems with articulation (making sounds) and phonological processes (sound patterns).
- Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) - Childhood Apraxia of Speech is a motor speech disorder. Children with CAS have problems saying sounds, syllables, and words. This is not because of muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has problems planning to move the body parts (e.g., lips, jaw. tongue) needed for speech. The child knows what he or she wants to say, but his/her brain has difficulty coordinating the muscle movements necessary to say those words.
- Dysarthria evaluation and treatment - A motor speech disorder caused when muscles of the mough, face, and respiratory system become weak, move slowly or not at all after a stroke or other brain injury. Some causes of dysarthria include stroke, head injury, Cerebral Palsy, and Muscular Dystrophy.
- Expressive language - Children may experience problems saying what they want to say. Some examples include difficulty naming objects, asking questions, putting words together into sentences, using correct grammar, or knowing how to start a conversation and keep it going.
- Receptive language - Children may experience problems with understanding spoken or written language. Some examples may include having trouble following directions, answering questions, identifying objects and pictures, and taking turns when talking with others.
- Social language (pragmatics) - Some children have difficulty with social communication skills, such as eye contact, play skills (pretend or social play), being overly focused on a topic or objects that interest them, problems making friends, or disliking being touched or held.
- Stuttering - Stuttering affects the fluency of speech. For some people it begins during childhood and, in some cases, lasts throughout life. The disorder is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds, also called "disfluencies."
- Voice problems - We have all experienced changes with our voices, whether it's a hoarse voice quality, or a complete loss of voice. Some different types of voice disorders include vocal fold nodules and polyps, vocal cord paralysis, paradoxical vocal fold movement, and spasmodic dysphonia.
- Feeding disorders - Speech and occupational therapy work together in the evaluation and treatment of feeding disorders which could include a child being a "very" picky eater, cough and/or gagging, choking with foods and poor weight gain/failure to thrive.
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