Services and treatments
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
Daily Living Skills
Driving Evaluation and Safety
Ergonomic Training & Consultation
Falls Prevention Clinic
Headaches and TMJ
Interactive Metronome Program
Job Placement Assessment
Low Vision Therapy
Multiple Sclerosis Clinic
Neck and Low Back Pain
Pediatric Speech Therapy
Sensory Integration Therapy
Soft Tissue Technique
Strain Counter Strain
Therapeutic Listening Program
Total Joint Rehab Class
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Urinary Incontinence Therapy
Vestibular Rehab & Balance
Work Site Analysis
Home Safety Assessments for Daily Living
Home assessments allow occupational therapists to observe individuals and determine the degree to which they are able to perform their normal activities of daily living within an environment that is familiar.
What happens during a home assessment?
During a home assessment, an occupational therapist focuses on a person's ability to function in the home environment, as well as perform the daily activities that are necessary and important to him or her.
An occupational therapist's assessment may include:
- environmental safety needs
- falls prevention issues
- motor coordination, activities of daily living skills
- sensory, perceptual and cognitive abilities
How can you tell if family members are able to care for themselves?
If you have concerns about someone's ability to function safely in the home and perform daily tasks, use this checklist to help determine if a home assessment by a Rice Rehab Center Occupational Therapist would be beneficial.
How is the home environment?
- Is the living space cluttered?
- Is it hard to get to things that are used on a daily basis?
- Is the telephone easy to reach in an emergency?
- Is the telephone easy to use?
Can he or she get out on their own?
- Can the person navigate using public transportation, such as a taxi or bus?
- Can the person drive safely?
Have there been physical changes?
- Increased weakness in arms and/or legs that make daily tasks more difficult?
- Decreased endurance when performing daily activities?
Balance concerns when sitting and standing?
- Decreased range of motion in the arms and/or legs?
- Edema and/or lymphedema that is getting worse?
- Falls in the home or in the community?
Are home tasks manageable?
- Can laundry be sorted, put in and taken out of the washing machine, and folded?
- Can cleaning tasks be done?
- Can meals be prepared safely including opening and closing containers, and using kitchen utensils and appliances?
- Can money be managed, including paying bills, budgeting, and using bank systems?
- Does the person perform preventive and know emergency procedures?
- Can he or she perform shopping tasks, such as making lists, getting to the store to obtain items, and pay for them correctly?
- Is a caregiver available to help the person?
Are there changes in cognitive skills?
- Are there changes in memory?
- Any problems related to dementia or memory loss?
- Problem solving difficulties - recognizing, defining a problem, selecting a plan?
- Communication deficits?
- Changes in judgement or safety issues?
- Does the person understand directions?
- Changes in the quality of task completion?
Have there been changes in vision?
- Are daily activities harder to do because of changes in vision?
Are daily living tasks manageable?
- Grooming - such as applying make up, shaving, styling hair, using deodorant
- Oral hygiene - such as brushing teeth, flossing, denture care
- Bathing/washing/showering - such as getting supplies, drying body parts, moving in and out of the tub or shower, maintaining bathing position
- Toilet hygiene - such as getting clothes up/down, cleaning body, moving on/off the toilet
- Dressing - such as finding clothing, dressing/undressing, fastening clothing and shoes, applying and removing prosthesis or orthosis
- Feeding and eating - such as using eating utensils, drinking from a cup, cutting meat, opening cartons, bring food to table, coordination of tasks
- Medication routine - such as opening/closing containers, following prescribed schedule
- Functional mobility - such as in-bed mobility, wheelchair mobility, transfers
- Ability to prevent or avoid falls
- Maintaining quality in self care tasks
If the answers to these questions raised concerns, please discuss them with the home health agency nurse and/or the primary physician.
For more information about the Home Safety Assessment Program, or to schedule a home assessment,
Rice Rehabilitation Center
311 SW 3rd St.
Willmar, MN 56201
Lynn Stier, Director