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Services and Treatments
Speech-Language pathologists evaluate, diagnose, and treat speech, language, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders for both adults and children. Therapy services and treatments may include:
- Aphasia evaluation and treatment - Aphasia is a language disorder that impairs an individual's ability to produce and/or understand language, and may also affect reading and writing. Aphasia is often the result of a stroke but may also be caused by head trauma, brain tumors, brain infections, or any brain tissue damage that occurs in the language centers of the brain.
- Apraxia evaluation and treatment - Apraxia of speech, also known as verbal apraxia or dyspraxia, is a speech disorder in which a person has trouble saying what he or she wants to say correctly and consistently. It is not due to weakness or paralysis of the speech muscles. One of the most notable symptoms is difficulty putting sounds and syllables together in the correct order to form words. The severity of apraxia of speech can range from mild to severe.
- Dysarthria evaluation and treatment - A motor speech disorder caused when muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system become weak, move slowly or not at all after a stroke or other brain injury. Some causes of dysarthria include stroke, head injury, Cerebral Palsy, and Muscular Dystrophy.
- Stuttering evaulation and treatment - Stuttering affects the fluency of speech. It begins during childhood and, in some cases, lasts throughout life. The disorder is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds, also called "disfluencies."
- Lee Silverman Voice Therapy (LSVT) - Helps individuals who have difficulties with voice and speech, particulary those with Parkinson's Disease. Patients learn to improve volume, voice quality, and articulation. In turn, this improves speech and sound production.
- Voice evaluation and - Involves problems with abnormal pitch, volume, or quality of voice production. Some different types of voice disorders include vocal fold nodules and polyps, vocal cord paralysis, paradoxical vocal fold movement and spasmodic dysphonia.
- Dysphagia evaluation and treatment - Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) affect an individual's ability to swallow food, liquid, or pills. Our speech therapists specialize in the evaluation and treatment of swallowing disorders and provide the following evaluation options:
- Clinical swallow evaluation - A clinical swallow evaluation is often the first step in the diagnosis and treatment of dysphagia. This evaluation allows our speech-language pathologists to view how the muscles of the face and throat work together to enable swallowing, and how well a patient is able to swallow different types of foods and liquids.
- Video swallow evaluation - Also called a Modified Barium Swallow Study, the video swallow evaluation assesses an individual's ability to swallow. Individuals are given food and liquid consistencies coated with barium to eat and drink while being monitored on x-ray.
- Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) - FEES is a procedure used to evaluate and treat dysphagia. The portable study uses a flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope which is passed transnasally, allowing the speech erapist to clearly view laryngeal and pharyngeal structures. The patient is led through various tasks to evaluate the sensory and motor status. Food and liquid are given to the patient so that swallow ability can be determined.
- Cognitive-linguistic evaluation and treatment - Cognitive-linguistic treatment helps individuals who have experienced changes with cognitive functioning. These changes could include attention/concentration, perception, memory, organization, executive function, behavioral self-regulation, social interaction and/or difficulty with activities of daily living.
- VitalStim - A FDA cleared method to promote swallowing through the application of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation to the swallowing muscles. The goal is to strengthen and reeducate the muscular system and improve motor control of the swallowing mechanism. VitalStim is used in conjunction with conventional swallowing exercises.
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